By Arthur D. Smith, Gopal H. Badlani MD, Demetirus H. Bagley MD, Visit Amazon's Ralph V. Clayman Page, search results, Learn about Author Central, Ralph V. Clayman, , Steven G. Docimo MD

Endourology is a dynamic subspecialty concerning closed, managed manipulation in the genitourinary tract. long ago decade the artistic efforts of many urologists, radiologists, and engineers have greatly extended endoscopic procedure, to the nice good thing about sufferers with stones, obstruction, melanoma, diverticula, cysts, adrenal sickness, varices, and ailments of the bladder. This definitive textual content addresses each element of endourologic technique together with tools of entry, operative concepts, problems, and postoperative care. The reader is taken, step by step, via cutaneous surgical procedure, ureteroscopy, extracorporeal surprise wave lithotripsy, laparoscopy, and reduce urinary tract tactics. the rules and serve as of state of the art endourologic tools are defined for every process. The authorship reads like a Who s Who in endodurology . The breadth and intensity in their adventure is obvious in the course of the textual content.

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Smith's Textbook of Endourology

Endourology is a dynamic subspecialty concerning closed, managed manipulation in the genitourinary tract. long ago decade the artistic efforts of many urologists, radiologists, and engineers have greatly increased endoscopic method, to the good good thing about sufferers with stones, obstruction, melanoma, diverticula, cysts, adrenal disorder, varices, and illnesses of the bladder.

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5 The first format allows the color and luminance information to be carried as two separate signals. This “component” video signal is called Y/C, with Y standing for luminance (light brightness) and C referring to color. Also known as Super VHS (or S-VHS), this component signal contains less cross talk and, therefore, appears cleaner and sharper than images generated by composite signals. The video signal in a Y/C format is carried by a single cable, as with the NTSC format, although the color and luminance information are still separated.

Implementation of simple, common sense ALARA concepts—minimizing time, maximizing distance, and using shielding—can provide a significant reduction in both operator and patient radiation exposure. The establishment of standard, dose-minimized imaging protocols, documentation of total exposure time and estimated patient exposure, and purchase and cost-effective implementation of improved modalities are elements of an effective and focused radiation exposure control program. REFERENCES 1. FDA Public Health Advisory.

Miniaturization of chip technology now allows a CCD chip to be incorporated at the distal end of the endoscope (EndoEye) (Figure 4-5). Instead of relaying optical images from the objective lens at the distal end of the scope to a camera attached to the eyepiece, the image is immediately captured by the CCD chip, digitized and converted into electrical signals for transmission. 15,16 The creation of true videoendoscopes especially benefits the flexible laparoscope as well as the videoscope (Figure 4-6).

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Smith's Textbook of Endourology by Arthur D. Smith, Gopal H. Badlani MD, Demetirus H. Bagley
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