By Alexander Matthias Holschneider, John M. Hutson

This completely revised moment variation succinctly introduces the physics and serve as of magnetic resonance imaging. All vital and clinically appropriate elements are provided in a basically based demeanour. The emphasis is on sensible info together with the most recent traits and advancements which are proper for MRI within the medical atmosphere. the hole chapters describe the underlying actual ideas of the MR scan and the fundamental pulse sequences accepted in medical MRI. different chapters are devoted to extra complicated suggestions akin to parallel imaging and cardiovascular MR imaging. The e-book is rounded out through chapters on MR distinction media, artifacts, high-field imaging, and defense matters. an intensive thesaurus bargains quick entry to crucial MRI terminology. The ebook is meant for readers trying to find a simple to appreciate and concise advent to this attention-grabbing but a little advanced imaging modality first and foremost in their MRI education.

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It is estimated to have an incidence rate of 1:250,000 live births [70]. TBS has great variability among affected families [89], but in general the main characteristic features of TBS are: (1) ARM (imperforate anus and anal stenosis), (2) hand malformations in the form of preaxial polydactyly with diverse thumb anomalies ranging from vestigial, broad, to triphalangeal thumb, and even distal ulnar deviation of the thumb and (3) external ear malformation (microtia, external auditory atresia, satyr ear with overfolding of the superior helix, preauricular pits and sensorineural deafness).

J Pediatr Surg 25:812–816 42. Hoekstra WJ, Scholtmeijer RJ, Molenaar JC, Schreeve RH, Schroeder FH (1983) Urogenital tract abnormalities associated with congenital anorectal anomalies. J Urol 130:962–963 43. Holman GH, Erkman B, Zacharias DL, Kock HF (1963) The 18-trisomy syndrome – two new clinical variants. One with associated tracheoesophageal fistula and the other with probable familial occurrence. N Engl J Med 268:982–988 44. Holschneider AM, Ure BM, Pfrommer W, Meier-Ruge W (1996) Innervation patterns of the rectal pouch and fistula in anorectal malformations: a preliminary report.

J Pediatr Surg 31:357–362 27 28 Giuseppe Martucciello 45. 3. Am J Med Genet 128:85–92 46. Hunter AGW, MacMurray B (1987) Malformations of the VATER association plus hydrocephalus in a male infant and his maternal uncle. Proc Greenwood Genet Center 6:146–147 47. Iafolla AK, McConkie-Rosell A, Chen YT (1991) VATER and hydrocephalus: distinct syndrome? Am J Med Genet 38:46–51 48. Joseph VT, Chan KY, Siew HF (1985) Anorectal malformations and their associated anomalies. Ann Acad Med Singapore 14:622–625 49.

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Holschneider Anorectal Malformations in Children by Alexander Matthias Holschneider, John M. Hutson
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