By Department of Economic and Social Affairs
HIV and AIDS take a profound toll on households. while a friend turns into ill or dies, each person within the relations suffers. In 2001, the United countries common meeting detailed consultation on HIV/AIDS well-known the real function performed by means of the relations in prevention, care and help. This ebook addresses the problems and demanding situations of HIV/AIDS from a kinfolk point of view, utilizing info and knowledge from sub-Saharan Africa.
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Additional info for AIDS and the Family: Policy Options for a Crisis in Family Capital
Sociocultural factors that affect the level of family resilience include the following: Human security; The social capital accessible to the family, including religious affiliation and practice and the presence of social andor other moral points of reference; The availability of childcare andor other forms of support for single mothers; School and community integration of individuals and families. Those factors that appear to be attributable to the individual family include the following: The economic situation; The degree to which gender equity is given expression within the family through means such as spousal communication and joint decision-making; equity in the education of girls in the family; and shared decisionmaking in the allocation of household resources; Intrafamily communication skills; The level of domestic violence andor substance abuse (if any); Parenting skills, including intrafamily contributions to the building and maintenance of individuals' self-esteem, the development of a positive self-image, and the promotion of autonomy; Intrafamily respect for the integrity of individual family members coupled with recognition of their interdependence; The sense of personal efficacy and resourcefulness among family members.
Because family stability and security is of critical importance, it is imperative that steps be taken to address the complex relationship between HIVIAIDS and family policy issues, with the ultimate aim of achieving full integration. A suitable framework and an intersectoral perspective are essential in this ongoing endeavour. A family-HIVIAIDS framework must focus on family needs per se, and not merely on the family's role in preventing HIV transmission and caring for those with AIDS. The framework provided herein derives from an examination and analysis of the interaction of the three HIVIAIDS epidemics with each of the three elements of family capital (family relationships, resources and resilience).
When estimated sequentially in reverse order (as noted below) and added together, they constitute the fourth indicator: families affected by HWAIDS. * * Incidence is the frequency with which an event occurs during a specified period of time. The incidence rate is the number of new events per specified unit of population. (see B. F. , 1970) For the current analysis the incidence per 1,000 families is based on the annual difference in the number of HIVIAIDS affected fandies between 2001 and 2003, divided by the total number of family households minus HIVIAIDS affected in 200 1.
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