By Malyn Newitt

A background of Portuguese abroad enlargement 1400-1668 offers an available survey of ways the Portuguese turned so influential in this interval and the way Portuguese settlements have been based in components as faraway as Asia, Africa and South the US. Malyn Newitt examines how the tips and associations of a overdue medieval society have been deployed to help growth into Africa and the Atlantic islands, in addition to how, via competition with Castile, this grew right into a world wide business. eventually, he considers how resilient the Portuguese in a foreign country groups have been, surviving wars and average failures, and warding off assaults by way of the extra seriously armed English and Dutch invaders until eventually good into the 1600s. together with a close bibliography and word list, A historical past of Portuguese abroad growth 1400-1668 is a useful textbook for all these learning this attention-grabbing interval of eu enlargement

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Writing in the 1460s, the Venetian, Alvise da Cadamosto, commented on Henrique’s fixation with Morocco and how this had resulted in the organisation of corsair voyages to Africa. [Henrique] waged much war in Africa against those of the kingdom of Fess which continued for many years, the said lord striving by every means possible to destroy this kingdom of Fess in many places. This kingdom extends to the western sea in the region beyond the strait of Zibelterra. 65 During the 1430s, both Henrique and Pedro, who since 1433 had enjoyed the royal fifth on prizes taken west of Gibraltar, commissioned fidalgos of their households to send expeditions, and the two brothers shared seigneurial jurisdiction over the new communities growing up in the Azores.

As his sons grew older, João sought to enlist their support for the dynasty by granting them lordships, offices and jurisdictions which made them the most powerful seigneurial figures in the land. The state of war with Castile continued till the Treaty of Ayllón in 1411, requiring constant vigilance on the frontiers, tying up the energies of the nobility and diverting attention from internal politics. By 1411, however, the young princes were reaching manhood and political and economic ambitions among the higher nobility were increasingly focused on the younger generation of the royal family.

Lisbon was besieged by Juan in 1384, but the following year a decisive victory over the Castilians was won by the Anglo-Portuguese army at Aljubarrota, after which João signed a formal alliance with England (the Treaty of Windsor) and married John of Gaunt’s daughter, Philippa of Lancaster. However, the invasion of Castile, which was attempted in 1386–7 with English help, was unsuccessful and after that warfare became little more than frontier raiding. Moreover, after the campaign of 1387 English claims to the Castilian throne were bought out and Castile ceased its active participation on the side of France in the Hundred Years War.

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A History of Portugese Overseas Expansion 1400-1668 by Malyn Newitt
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